A List of Posts by Monarch

HOUSE OF WESSEX

The kings of Wessex are credited as the first true kings of England. Elizabeth II, currently reigning, is descended from Alfred the Great. The current royal family is also directly descended from William the Conquerer, who claimed the throne following the death of Edward the Confessor in 1066.

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ALFRED THE GREATReigned 871-899

ALFRED THE GREAT
Reigned 871-899

Edward the Elder.

EDWARD THE ELDER
Reigned 899-924

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ÆTHELSTAN
Reigned 924-939

EDMUND I

EDMUND I
Reigned 939-946

EADRED

EADRED
Reigned 946-955

EADWIG

EADWIG
Reigned 955-959

EDGAR THE PEACEFUL

EDGAR THE PEACEFUL
Reigned 959-975

EDWARD THE MARTYR

EDWARD THE MARTYR
Reigned 975-978

ÆTHELRED THE UNREADY

ÆTHELRED II
Æthelred the Unready
978-1013 (First Reign)
1014-1016 (Second Reign)

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HOUSE OF DENMARK

England was taken over by the Danish kings during the rule of Æthelred.

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SWEYN FORKBEARD 1013-1014

SWEYN FORKBEARD
1013-1014

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HOUSE OF WESSEX (RESTORED, FIRST TIME)

When Forkbeard died, Æthelred returned from exile and reclaimed his kingdom.

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Æthelred the Unready (second reign).

EDMUND IRONSIDE Reigned 24 Apr - 30 Nov 1016

EDMUND IRONSIDE
Reigned 24 Apr – 30 Nov 1016

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HOUSE OF DENMARK (Restored)

Edmund Ironside signed a treaty with Cnut in which all of England except for Wessex would come under the rule of Cnut. When Edmund died, Cnut took the entire kingdom as Britain’s sole king.

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CANUTE Reigned 1016-1035

CNUT
Reigned 1016-1035

HAROLD HAREFOOT Reigned 1035-1040

HAROLD HAREFOOT
Reigned 1035-1040

HARTHACNUT Reigned 1040-1042

HARTHACNUT
Reigned 1040-1042

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HOUSE OF WESSEX (Restored, Second Time)

After Harthacnut, the kings of Wessex were restored, only to be deposed following the Battle of Hastings in 1066.

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EDWARD THE CONFESSOR Reigned 1042-1066

EDWARD THE CONFESSOR
Reigned 1042-1066

HAROLD II Harold Godwinson Reigned 6 Jan – 14 Oct 1066

HAROLD II
Harold Godwinson
Reigned 6 Jan – 14 Oct 1066

EDGAR THE ÆTHELING Reigned 15 Oct - 17 Dec 1066

EDGAR THE ÆTHELING
Reigned 15 Oct – 17 Dec 1066

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HOUSE OF NORMANDY

England was taken over by the Normans after the Battle of Hastings in 1066, a decisive point in English history. Had the Normans not taken over England that year, history would have taken a dramatically different course. In fact, the English language wouldn’t even exist as we know it.

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WILLIAM I 'William the Conquerer' Reigned 1066-1087

WILLIAM I
‘William the Conquerer’
Reigned 1066-1087

WILLIAM II William Rufus Reigned 1087-1100

WILLIAM II
William Rufus
Reigned 1087-1100

HENRY I Henry Beauclerc Reigned 1100-1135

HENRY I
Henry Beauclerc
Reigned 1100-1135

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HOUSE OF BLOIS

Stephen of Blois, later King Stephen of England, was a grandson of William the Conquerer. He succeeded his uncle, Henry I, as King. However, having no sons to succeed him, Henry I listed that his daughter Matilda succeed him. Her crown was seized and her reign is still disputed.

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STEPHEN 1135-1154

STEPHEN
Reigned 1135-1154

MATILDA Reigned (disputed) 7 Apr - 1 Nov 1141

MATILDA
Reigned (disputed) 7 Apr – 1 Nov 1141

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HOUSE OF ANJOU

Stephen made an agreement with Matilda in 1153 by signing the Treaty of Willingford, which recognized Matilda’s son Henry as the heir-apparent to the throne in lieu of his own son. Therefore, Henry II was in fact a grandson of the last king of the House of Normandy.

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HENRY II Reigned 1154-1189

HENRY II
Reigned 1154-1189

RICHARD I Richard the Lionheart Reigned 1189-1199

RICHARD I
‘Richard the Lionheart’
Reigned 1189-1199

JOHN John Lackland 1199-1216

JOHN
John Lackland
Reigned 1199-1216

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HOUSE OF PLANTAGENET

This house is argued to have begun with King Henry II, but most historians agree that it truly began under the reign of Henry III, when kings became more ‘English’ in nature. The Yorks and Lancasters are also cadet branches of this house.

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HENRY III Reigned 1216-1272

HENRY III
Reigned 1216-1272

EDWARD I Reigned 1272-1307

EDWARD I
Reigned 1272-1307

EDWARD II Reigned 1307-1327

EDWARD II
Reigned 1307-1327

EDWARD III Reigned 1327-1377

EDWARD III
Reigned 1327-1377

RICHARD II Reigned 1377-1399

RICHARD II
Reigned 1377-1399

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HOUSE OF LANCASTER

This house descended from  Edward III’s third surviving son, John of Gaunt. Henry IV seized power from Richard II. They would eventually take a main role in The War of the Roses.

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HENRY IV Reigned 1399-1413

HENRY IV
Reigned 1399-1413

HENRY V Reigned 1413-1422

HENRY V
Reigned 1413-1422

HENRY VI First Reign: 1422-1461 Second Reign: 1470-1471

HENRY VI
First Reign: 1422-1461
Second Reign: 1470-1471

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HOUSE OF YORK

The House of York was descended from the fourth surviving son of Edward III, Edmund, 1st Duke of York. The War of the Roses saw the throne pass back and forth between the rival houses, Lancaster and York.

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EDWARD IV First Reign: 1461-1470 Second Reign: 1471-1483

EDWARD IV
First Reign: 1461-1470
Second Reign: 1471-1483

HOUSE OF LANCASTER BRIEFLY RESTORED AND HENRY VI IS PLACED BACK ON THE THRONG. HENRY VI IS THEN MURDERED BY THE YORK BROTHERS. EDWARD IV REIGNS UNTIL HIS DEATH IN 1483.

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HOUSE OF YORK (Restored)

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EDWARD V Reigned 9 Apr - 25 Jun 1483

EDWARD V
Reigned 9 Apr – 25 Jun 1483

RICHARD III Reigned 1483-1485

RICHARD III
Reigned 1483-1485

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HOUSE OF TUDOR

The Tudors were descended from John Beaufort, one of the illegitimate children of John of Gaunt (third surviving son of Edward III). The Beauforts remained close allies of Gaunt’s other descendants, the House of Lancaster. John Beaufort’s granddaughter married Edmund Tudor, the son of the widowed queen consort of Henry V (a Lancaster king). Edmund’s son would defeat and kill Richard III at the Battle of Bosworth in 1485, claiming himself Henry VII of England.

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HENRY VII Reigned 1485-1509

HENRY VII
Reigned 1485-1509

HENRY VIII Reigned 1509-1547

HENRY VIII
Reigned 1509-1547

EDWARD VI Reigned 1547-1553

EDWARD VI
Reigned 1547-1553

LADY JANE GREY Disputed Reign: 10-19 July 1553

LADY JANE GREY
Disputed Reign: 10-19 July 1553

MARY I Reigned 1553-1558

MARY I
Reigned 1553-1558

ELIZABETH I Reigned 1558-1603

ELIZABETH I
Reigned 1558-1603

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HOUSE OF STUART

Elizabeth I died without any descendants in 1603 and left the throne to her distant cousin, King James VI of Scotland, who became King James I of England.

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JAMES I Reigned 1603-1625

JAMES I
Reigned 1603-1625

CHARLES I Reigned 1625-1649

CHARLES I
Reigned 1625-1649

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COMMONWEALTH ENGLAND

There was no monarch between 1649 and the restoration of Charles II in 1660. Instead, the following people held the titles of Lords Protector during the period known as the Protectorate.

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OLIVER CROMWELL Ruled 1653-1658

OLIVER CROMWELL
Ruled 1653-1658

RICHARD CROMWELL Ruled 1658-1659

RICHARD CROMWELL
Ruled 1658-1659

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HOUSE OF STUART (Restored)

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King_Charles_II_by_Sir_Peter_Lely

CHARLES II
Reigned 1660-1685

JAMES II Reigned 1685-1688 (deposed)

JAMES II
Reigned 1685-1688 (deposed)

WILLIAM & MARY Mary II: Reigned 1689-1694 William III: Reigned 1689-1702

WILLIAM & MARY
Mary II: Reigned 1689-1694
William III: Reigned 1689-1702

ANNE Reigned 1702-1714

ANNE
Reigned as Queen of England 1702-1707
As Queen of Great Britain 1707-1714

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HOUSE OF HANOVER

The Hanovers came as a result of the Act of Settlement 1701, which excluded Roman Catholics from the line of succession. When Queen Anne died leaving no heirs (despite losing up to seventeen children in her lifetime),  George I became king. He was the great-grandson of James I through his daughter, Elizabeth of Bohemia. He was the closest heir to the throne who wasn’t a Roman Catholic.

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GEORGE I Reigned 1714-1727

GEORGE I
Reigned 1714-1727

GEORGE II Reigned 1727-1760

GEORGE II
Reigned 1727-1760

GEORGE III Reigned 1760-1820

GEORGE III
Reigned 1760-1820

GEORGE IV Reigned 1820-1830

GEORGE IV
Reigned 1820-1830

WILLIAM IV Reigned 1830-1837

WILLIAM IV
Reigned 1830-1837

queen-victoria-768

VICTORIA
Reigned 1837-1901

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HOUSE OF SAXE-COBURG AND GOTHA

Although Edward VII was the son of Queen Victoria, he inherited his father’s German names, which in turn created a new royal house.

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EDWARD VII Reigned 1901-1910

EDWARD VII
Reigned 1901-1910

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HOUSE OF WINDSOR

The name ‘Windsor’ was adopted in 1917 during World War I due to anti-German sentiments in the United Kingdom. When Queen Elizabeth II (then Princess) married Lt. Phillip Mountbatten in 1947, the royal household was expected to ditch ‘Windsor’ to become The House of Mountbatten. However, it was insisted that the name remain Windsor for Elizabeth and her descendants. Descendants of hers that don’t have princely titles and require surnames use ‘Mountbatten-Windsor.’

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GEORGE V Reigned 1910-1936

GEORGE V
Reigned 1910-1936

EDWARD VIII Reigned 20 Jan - 11 Dec 1936

EDWARD VIII
Reigned 20 Jan – 11 Dec 1936

GEORGE VI Reigned 1936-1952

GEORGE VI
Reigned 1936-1952

ELIZABETH II Reigned 1952-Present

ELIZABETH II
Reigned 1952-Present

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